China and India Agree to Ease Tensions in Border Dispute

But some analysts said that India realized, after initially talking tough and sending the troops into the area, that it was overmatched, economically and militarily.

“What we are seeing is face-saving,” said C. Raja Mohan, the director of Carnegie India, a branch of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed the agreement on Monday, though it vowed to continue to patrol the disputed area. The state-controlled news media portrayed the agreement as a victory for China and a sign that the nation was acting as a “responsible big country” in handling global affairs.

Clearly, analysts said, China had its own sound reasons to end the dispute. “It would be a strategic disaster for China to make a mortal enemy out of India,” said Daniel C. Lynch, a professor of Asian and international studies at the City University of Hong Kong. “The last thing an aging, economically less vibrant China needs is to fall into a generations-long cold war with India.”

While the agreement does not amount to a permanent solution, the two sides appeared to have found a way to avoid a serious confrontation. Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, suggested that China might even reduce troop levels in the area, which

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